No record of apprenticeship or freedom. First mark entered as largeworker, in partnership with George Hindmarsh, 11 May 1731. Address: Christopher's Court, St. Martin's Le Grand. Second mark alone, 5 October 1731. Address: New Rent's St. Martin's Le Grand. Third mark, 23 June 1739, same address. Fourth mark (New Standard), 29 April 1740. Appears to have specialized in salver making.