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A 19th Century Swiss Gold & Enamel Snuff Box

A 19th Century Swiss Gold & Enamel Snuff Box

Geneva, circa 1830

Of oval form, enamelled on cover and base with flower design within a scalloped border. The cover with an allegory of music and arms. The sides and base with cartouches of floral sprays.
The enamels in pastel pink and green probably for the ottoman market
 

During the late 18th century, turqueries were used to decorate snuff boxes made in Switzerland. The choice of decoration reflected the European interest in the mysterious and fascinating world hiding behind the harem wall. The figurative decorations that generally adorned the Swiss gold boxes were considered unsuitable for the Turkish export market, in which the Swiss goldsmiths wanted to trade. For this reason, new ornamental motifs were introduced.

A first attempt was represented by adopting landscapes with the representation of suggestive buildings that one could have found on the shores of the Bosphorus. The frame decorations presented various repetitive motifs against coloured backgrounds. The evolution of this design consisted of expanding those borders and adopting a contrasting palette of lime green, cerulean blue, and pastel pink. The enamel was opaque, which was suitable for further decoration as coloured painted flowers, musical instruments, or martial trophies.

This type of decoration became the Swiss standard for the Turkish export market and remained unchanged for a few decades. The only minor changes can be found in the use of wavy edges or in the size of the central panel and the frame. On the other hand, the common feature remained the absence of hallmarks and maker's mark. The dating of these objects, which is usually traced back to 1820-40 is, therefore, purely speculative.
 

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